means of influencing a largely illiterate society, received encouragement from the state; much of director Sergei Eisenstein 's best work dates from this period. During the later days of the ussr, countries with the same multilingual situation implemented similar policies. Archived from the original on Retrieved Taras, Ray (1989). Since its independence in 1991, Ukraine has continued to pursue claims against Russia in foreign courts, seeking to recover its share of the foreign property that was owned by the ussr. Stalin committed the state's ideology to MarxismLeninism (which he created) and constructed a command economy which led to a period of rapid industrialization and collectivization. In June 1941, Germany broke the pact and invaded the Soviet Union, opening the largest and bloodiest theatre of war in history. Archived from the original on Retrieved Targ, Harry (2006). Retrieved "The causes of the October Revolution". Many others were imprisoned or exiled. In some cases, due to the length of its name the state was referred to as the Soviet Union or the ussr, especially when used in the Western media. United States Naval Institute. Soviet authorities proved their commitment to Lenin's belief by developing massive networks, research and development organizations. 146 Lenin believed that the ussr would never overtake the developed world if it remained as technologically backward as it was upon its founding. Isbn.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list ( link ) "Tank on the Moon". In late 1991, Gorbachev resigned and the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union met and formally dissolved the Soviet Union. 224 A poll conducted by Soviet authorities in 1982 recorded 20 percent of the Soviet population as "active religious believers." 225 Military Main article: Soviet Armed Forces See also: Red Army, Soviet Navy, Soviet Air Forces, and Military. The two countries concluded the MolotovRibbentrop Pact and the GermanSoviet Commercial Agreement in August 1939. During the 1950s and 1960s, it had comparatively high growth and was catching up to the West.